Following the Passat (launched in 1973), the Golf and the Scirocco (both 1974), the Polo, which appeared in 1975, was the fourth model in the new Volkswagen era. At that time, water-cooled front engines were replacing air-cooled rear engines. Instead of the rear axle, power was applied to the front axle. The first Polo shared the appearance and technical DNA of the Audi 50. However, the second generation, presented in 1981, was completely different from its sister model. In 1994, Volkswagen revealed the third generation of the model to the international media in Paris. From 1997, the compact Volkswagen was also available as an estate car for the first time. The fourth generation was launched in 2001, followed by the fifth generation in 2009 and the latest Poloin 2017. To date, more than 17 million units have been sold.