With the Type 1, based on a design by Prof. Dr. Ferdinand Porsche, Volkswagen democratized mobility from 1946 onwards. In 1972, the Beetle (Käfer) produced as a sedan and a cabriolet, took the overall sales record from the Ford Model T, a title which it retained until 2002. That year, the Beetle (Käfer) was overtaken as the most successful car model ever by its successor, the Golf. German production of the Beetle (Käfer) renowned for its indestructibility, came to an end in 1978; the last Cabriolet was produced by Karmann in Osnabrück in 1980. However, the Beetle (Käfer) survived for many years in South America and the last of 21,528,480 units only rolled off the production lines at the Mexican plant in Puebla on July 30, 2003.