The ID. Family models are consistently designed for electromobility and optimally exploit the possibilities of this technology. The vehicles offer long ranges, plenty of space, dynamic driving characteristics and a new level of digital networking. The first model to roll off the production line at the Zwickau plant, since November 2019, is the compact ID.3, which will be launched in 2020. The SUV ID. CROZZ, the ID. BUZZ and the saloon ID. VIZZIONfollow shortly afterwards. In future, Volkswagen will offer attractive electric cars in every segment – from the compact class to lifestyle vans. For customers, electric vehicles mean driving pleasure and rapid acceleration with low maintenance and servicing costs. “The car has a great future. It will be clean and safe. At the same time, it fulfils a timeless desire that moves people: self-determination and freedom, technology, progress and prosperity,” said Herbert Diess.
The importance of the life cycle assessment
The decisive factor is that Volkswagen does not simply build electric cars but looks at the entire life cycle from raw materials to recycling – as part of the so-called product life cycle assessment (LCA). Cell production, in particular, is still very energy-intensive today, and charging with energy produced from coal-fired power stations also puts a strain on the overall eco-balance. These are precisely the areas that need to be tackled if the electric car is to be sustainably trimmed for climate protection. This is exactly what Volkswagen does: from vehicle development to the required raw materials, from logistics to production, from the first to the last kilometer on the road, from deregistering the vehicle, to recycling. For the analysis, the life of a car is first divided into three phases. Production, the use phase and recycling. Production has three subcategories for which data is collected: Raw material extraction, component and vehicle production. The use phase is divided into fuel/electricity supply and vehicle emissions. Of course, recycling is also a major issue for Volkswagen, for example in the recycling of batteries or the reconditioning and reuse of valuable materials.