Here it comes once again, the sharp bend. The foot moves off the gas pedal, the car into the corner – like so many times before. But this time the road is a bit too wet and the car still too fast. The driver loses control, comes off the road and races head-on into an oncoming vehicle.
It is such fictitious scenarios that cause various organizations worldwide to carry out crash tests. And they are numbers like these: Around 1.35 million people die in traffic accidents every year. Most deaths and serious injuries occur in head-on collisions. But more regarding that later.
New cars must comply with numerous regulations, including ECE-regulations of the UN Economic Commission for Europe and those of the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). In order to provide reliable information on vehicle safety, various organizations carry out new car assessment programs (NCAP) crash tests. And they always go beyond the standards defined by the legislator.